Theme 4 Impact and Choices

Alvarenga, R. A. F., Preat, N., Duhayon, C., & Dewulf, J. (2022). Prospective life cycle assessment of metal commodities obtained from deep-sea polymetallic nodules. Journal of Cleaner Production, 330. Download
Pell, R., Tijsseling, L., Goodenough, K., Wall, F., Dehaine, Q., Grant, A., Deak, D., Yan, X., & Whattoff, P. (2021). Towards sustainable extraction of technology materials through integrated approaches. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment. Download
van Doorn, J., & Kurz, T. (2021). The warm glow of recycling can make us more wasteful. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 101672. Download
Luckeneder, S., Giljum, S., Schaffartzik, A., Maus, V., & Tost, M. (2021). Surge in global metal mining threatens vulnerable ecosystems. Global Environmental Change, 69, 102303. Download
Raw materials for a truly green future. (2021). Nature Reviews Materials, 6(6), 455–455. Download
Bainton, N., Kemp, D., Lèbre, E., Owen, J. R., & Marston, G. (2021). The energy-extractives nexus and the just transition. Sustainable Development, n/a(n/a). Download Download
Sonter, L. J., Dade, M. C., Watson, J. E. M., & Valenta, R. K. (2020). Renewable energy production will exacerbate mining threats to biodiversity. Nature Communications, 11(1), 4174. Download
Paulikas, D., Katona, S., Ilves, E., & Ali, S. H. (2020). Life cycle climate change impacts of producing battery metals from land ores versus deep-sea polymetallic nodules. Journal of Cleaner Production, 275, 123822. Download
Sonderegger, T., Berger, M., Alvarenga, R., Bach, V., Cimprich, A., Dewulf, J., Frischknecht, R., Guinée, J., Helbig, C., Huppertz, T., Jolliet, O., Motoshita, M., Northey, S., Rugani, B., Schrijvers, D., Schulze, R., Sonnemann, G., Valero, A., Weidema, B. P., & Young, S. B. (2020). Mineral resources in life cycle impact assessment—part I: a critical review of existing methods. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 25(4), 784–797. Download
Rehbein, J. A., Watson, J. E. M., Lane, J. L., Sonter, L. J., Venter, O., Atkinson, S. C., & Allan, J. R. (2020). Renewable energy development threatens many globally important biodiversity areas. Global Change Biology, 26(5), 3040–3051. Download
Lee, J., Bazilian, M., Sovacool, B., & Greene, S. (2020). Responsible or reckless? A critical review of the environmental and climate assessments of mineral supply chains. Environmental Research Letters, 15(10), 103009. Download
Lèbre, É., Stringer, M., Svobodova, K., Owen, J. R., Kemp, D., Côte, C., Arratia-Solar, A., & Valenta, R. K. (2020). The social and environmental complexities of extracting energy transition metals. Nature Communications, 11(1), 4823. Download
Tunnicliffe, V., Metaxas, A., Le, J., Ramirez-Llodra, E., & Levin, L. A. (2018). Strategic Environmental Goals and Objectives: Setting the basis for environmental regulation of deep seabed mining. Marine Policy. Download
Sonter, L. J., Ali, S. H., & Watson, J. E. M. (2018). Mining and biodiversity: key issues and research needs in conservation science. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1892). Download
Segura Salazar, J., & Tavares, L. (2018). Sustainability in the Minerals Industry: Seeking a Consensus on Its Meaning. Sustainability, 10. Download Download
Odell, S. D., Bebbington, A., & Frey, K. E. (2018). Mining and climate change: A review and framework for analysis. The Extractive Industries and Society, 5(1), 201–214. Download
IISD. (2018). Green Conflict Minerals: The fuels of conflict in the transition to a low-carbon economy. International Institute for Sustainable Development. Download
Cuvelier, D., Gollner, D., Jones, D. O. B., & (2018). Potential Mitigation and Restoration Actions in Ecosystems Impacted by Seabed Mining. Front. Mar. Sci, 5(467), 22. 10.3389/fmars.2018.00467 Download
Craik, N. (2018). Implementing adaptive management in deep seabed mining: Legal and institutional challenges. Marine Policy. Download
Griffiths, V. F., Bull, J. W., Baker, J., & Milner‐Gulland, E. J. (2018). No net loss for people and biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 0(0). Download
Deep Carbon Observatory. (2018). Life in Deep Earth totals 15 to 23 billion tons of carbon -- hundreds of times more than humans. ScienceDaily.
Bebbington, A. J., Humphreys Bebbington, D., Sauls, L. A., Rogan, J., Agrawal, S., Gamboa, C., Imhof, A., Johnson, K., Rosa, H., Royo, A., Toumbourou, T., & Verdum, R. (2018). Resource extraction and infrastructure threaten forest cover and community rights. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201812505. Download
Banza Lubaba Nkulu, C., Casas, L., Haufroid, V., De Putter, T., Saenen, N. D., Kayembe-Kitenge, T., Musa Obadia, P., Kyanika Wa Mukoma, D., Lunda Ilunga, J.-M., Nawrot, T. S., Luboya Numbi, O., Smolders, E., & Nemery, B. (2018). Sustainability of artisanal mining of cobalt in DR Congo. Nature Sustainability, 1(9), 495–504. Download
Spuerk, S., Drobe, M., & Lottermoser, B. G. (2017). Evaluating resource efficiency at major copper mines. Minerals Engineering, 107, 27–33. Download
Gasparatos, A., Doll, C. N. H., Esteban, M., Ahmed, A., & Olang, T. A. (2017). Renewable energy and biodiversity: Implications for transitioning to a Green Economy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 70, 161–184. Download
Santero, N., & Hendry, J. (2016). Harmonization of LCA methodologies for the metal and mining industry. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(11), 1543–1553. Download Download
Mistry, M., Gediga, J., & Boonzaier, S. (2016). Life cycle assessment of nickel products. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(11), 1559–1572. Download
Amnesty International. (2016). This is what we die for.
Elshkaki, A., Graedel, T. E., Ciacci, L., & Reck, B. K. (2016). Copper demand, supply, and associated energy use to 2050. Global Environmental Change, 39, 305–315. Download
Calvo, G., Mudd, G., Valero, A., & Valero, A. (2016). Decreasing ore grades in global metallic mining: A theoretical issue or a global reality? Resources, 5(4), 1–14. Download Download
Nuss, P., & Eckelman, M. J. (2014). Life Cycle Assessment of Metals: A Scientific Synthesis. PLOS ONE, 9(7), e101298. Download
Mudd, G. M., & Jowitt, S. M. (2014). A Detailed Assessment of Global Nickel Resource Trends and Endowments. Economic Geology, 109(7), 1813–1841. Download
Libecap, G. D. (2014). Addressing Global Environmental Externalities: Transaction Costs Considerations. Journal of Economic Literature, 52(2), 424–479. Download
Norgate, T., & Jahanshahi, S. (2011). Assessing the energy and greenhouse gas footprints of nickel laterite processing. Minerals Engineering, 24(7), 698–707. Download Download
Williams, B. K. (2011). Adaptive management of natural resources—framework and issues. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(5), 1346–1353. Download
Jackson, A. L. R. (2011). Renewable energy vs. biodiversity: Policy conflicts and the future of nature conservation. Global Environmental Change, 21(4), 1195–1208. Download
Mudd, G. M. (2010). Global trends and environmental issues in nickel mining: Sulfides versus laterites. Ore Geology Reviews, 38(1–2), 9–26. Download
Norgate, T. E. (2009). Deteriorating Ore Resources. In T. E. Graedel & E. van der Voet (Eds.), Linkages of Sustainability (pp. 130–148). The MIT Press. Download
Norgate, T. E., & Rankin, W. J. (2000). Life cycle assessment of copper and nickel production. Conference Material. Download

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